Yesterday I started a thread to compile info on the theory that Germanic-speaking peoples lived natively in Britain since the Bronze Age. Today I came across a similar theory: that the ancient Aryans were not nomadic invaders in 1500 BC, but urban-dwellers already settled in India at least by 2000 BC. Thus, according to this theory, no Aryan "invasion" is needed to explain the presence of Aryan culture in India, and the narrative of Dravidians being replaced is inaccurate.
Three Indian proponents of this theory are Professor Dipak Basu, Ramesh Chandra Mazumdar, and archaeologists Rakhaldas Banerjee and S.P.Gupta, all of whom contest the alleged evidence of a conquering Aryan invasion. According to Professor Basu, "Russian archeologists and linguists also proved that the Aryans have migrated not from the Russian steppes but came to Russia via Armenia and Georgia. There are increasing evidence that India was the original home of the Aryans."
Professor Basu points to the discovery of Arkaim, an archaeological site in Russia thought to have belonged to a culture contemporary with ancient Egypt, with a very elaborate, pre-planned urban design that followed a swastika-like pattern. The area of southwest Russia where Arkaim is located was thus an earlier home to sophisticated urban civilization than previously believed. The predominant narrative has been that the steppes of Russia going into Central Asia were nothing but untamed expanses constantly raided by nomadic warrior tribes on horseback since at least the time of the ancient Greeks, first by Scythians, and later by Huns and Mongols.
President Putin has recently visited one of the most mysterious places on planet Earth - the ruins of the ancient town of Arkaim, which is situated on the outskirts of the city of Chelyabinsk. Pravda reported (on 16 July 2005) about the starling discovery of ruins of a very advanced civilization of Indo-Aryan origin, which was at least 4000 years old in Arkaim.
The Arkaim valley in the south of Ural was supposed to be flooded in 1987; local authorities were going to create a water reservoir there to irrigate droughty fields. However, scientists found strange circles in the center of the valley: the authorities gave archaeologists time to explore the area. Scientists were shocked to find out that Arkaim was the same age as Egypt and Babylon. Archaeological excavations showed that the people, who inhabited Arkaim, represented the ancient Indo-Aryan civilizations. Arkaim had not only a city, but also a temple and an astronomic observatory.
Further context on the ancients Aryans of the Middle East from Prof. Basu:
How far is Iran from Sindh-Saraswati valley? We also know from the Purana, that Aryans were divided into two groups, Sur of India and Asura of Iran. Russian archeologists are not aware of the submarine ruins of Dwarka and Cambay yet. If they would know, it would be possible to prove what Rakhaldas Banerjee; Ramesh Chadra Mazumdar said all along that India was the origin of the ancient Aryans, who had migrated to Russia via Armenia. The discovery made by the Russian archeologists of the temple of Mithra under the basement of the world’s oldest official Christian church in Yerevan, Armenia shows that link.
The rest of this very interesting article is here: http://www.ivarta.com/columns/ol_051212.htm
tl;dr for the article:
- Excavated burials along the Ural mountains in Russia show patterns consistent with the Aryan customs described in the ancient Rig Veda (India) and Avesta (Mithraism; Persia), according to both Prof. Basu and the archaeologist (V.F. Gening) who excavated one of the two sites that lent its name to this Sintasha-Petrovka cultural area.
- The Sintasha-Petrovka culture spread from the Ukraine to Kazakstan and analysis of its metal links it to Anatolia and the Caucasus region.
- Dating these sites is "problematic," as is dating Zoroaster himself.
- Hinduism predates Zoroaster, because Zoroaster changed aspects of Hinduism.
- Russian archaeologists of the Sintasha-Petrovka culture believe that Aryans began migrating out of modern-day Iran around 8000 BC.
- Prof. Basu says the Aryans were already in India in 2000 BC and maybe as early as 4000 BC in sophisticated urban communities.
- Japan's Yonaguni is said to have originally been settled by Indo-Aryans, as well as Japan in general before Mongolian invaders arrived ~2000 years ago.