Executive summary: The histories of Asian nations such as China, Japan, and India have been well-fitted into the orthodox chronology of western history, and if European and Middle Eastern chronologies are wrong, then those Asian chronologies must be at least interpreted incorrectly as well. Though I cannot read Chinese or Japanese and I know nothing of their old primary source literature and very little of their historical controversies and debates, we do have at least one author, Dr. Raja Ram Mohan Roy, who has found problems and proposed solutions for the chronology of India. Not surprisingly, he has found that Indian history was mis-aligned with Greek history thanks to colonial intellectuals.
A review of his book India before Alexander: A New Chronology is given here (emphasis added):
The author very convincingly demonstrates that Indian history and its chronology that is currently taught (a legacy of Colonial education and Nehruvian Leftism) is quite different from events which actually happened and which may be with some efforts reconstructed from literary, archaeology and comparative sources. And that is what he has done. Very convincingly.
Our current curricula has force-fitted facts into a set of hypotheses, thereby creating unwanted distortions. What are these hypotheses?
a. Hindu civilization is ancient but not very ancient, it cannot be
b. Hindus did not have any historical sense and did not record anything
c. Hindus were poor in math and astronomy
Whatever evidence fits this hypothesis is kept, anything else is automatically rejected as myth or lack of historical sense. Therefore false synchronims are created, kings go missing and actual events are called fables.
Currently history as taught in India rests upon 2 sheet anchors:
- the identification of Sandrokottos of the Greek accounts (a contemporary of Alexander) with Chandragupta Maurya
- the identification of Devanampriya Priyadarshi of the Rock Edicts with Ashoka
Based on these 2 questionable identifications, entire edifice of Indian history has been constructed. The end results is very late dates to many events. The other is how to explain obvious discrepancies - like 2 dynasties claiming to rule the same place at the same time, which again is because of false synchronims. Another outcome, is the complete dismissal of genuine historical personages like Vikramaditya and dubbing them "fictitious".
By current chronology, Adi Shankaracharya is believed to have lived around 750 CE. He provides a review of almost all contemporary religious belief systems during his time. Yet he is suspiciously quiet about both Christianity and Islam, which by that time would have definitely reached Kerala where he was born. This is a strange and peculiar issue which nobody seems to be able to explain.
However all these issues are resolved when Sanrokottos is identified as Chandragupta of the Imperial Guptas and Devanampriya Priyadarshi as Kumaragupta I. In this scheme, Adi Shankara would have lived a few centuries earlier to mythical Jesus Christ.
The author tries to right all these wrongs by providing this alternate framework, which while definitely brilliant and novel, is at the same time in line with our traditional accounts and dates. His work is detailed, meticulous and evidence-based, which is what one would expect from a scientist.
It is a must-read especially for Indians to know their ancient historical tradition and what kind of distortions have crept in.
Dr Raja Ram Mohan Roy is a Research Scientist and Project Manager based out of Canada and did his n Materials Science and Engineering from The Ohio State University, USA.
A review of the book can be found here. The book itself can be found online for purchase as either an ebook or physical copy.
The advantage of studying Indian chronology as a foothold into Asia is that the Aryan invasion and civilization used the Indo-European language of Sanskrit, which I believe would be easier to learn (at least for me) than Chinese or Japanese. Sanskrit has a lot of similarity with Latin in some of its inflections of nouns/verbs, which is unusual in itself since though Latin and Sanskrit are acknowledged to be related, they are supposed to have been separated in time by some 1000 years or so, let alone the vast geographical distance between the cultures speaking them. The Aryan invasion of India is also debated as to when exactly it took place, and being able to establish a general time frame for that invasion would be important for aligning Indian history with western history.