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List of people and organisations named in the Paradise Papers

Sheldon Adelson, founder of the Las Vegas Sands

Spencer Woodman (November 7, 2017). "Prominent Republican, Democrat party donors connected to offshore holdings, Paradise Papers show". CBC.ca. Retrieved 8 March 2018.

"2 Las Vegas Companies Listed In 'Paradise Papers'". KNPR. 6 November 2017. Archived from the original on 6 November 2017. Retrieved 7 November 2017.

"Journalist Explains How Panama Papers Opened Up The World's Illicit Money Networks". Fresh Air. November 20, 2017. Retrieved 8 March 2018.

Ed Pilkington and Jon Swaine (November 7, 2017). "The seven Republican super-donors who keep money in tax havens; Paradise Papers show these men, who invest heavily in Super Pacs, share a presence offshore if not a love of Trump". TheGuardian.com. Retrieved 8 March 2018.

Wile, Rob (6 November 2017). "5 Secrets of the World's Wealthiest People Revealed by the Paradise Papers". Time. Archived from the original on 9 November 2017. Retrieved 7 November 2017.

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Private jet fleet

Adelson owns a fleet of private jets through Las Vegas Sands.[136][137] On January 2, 2017, Adelson's Airbus A340-500 jet set a record for the Ben Gurion International Airport by making the longest flight ever leaving the airport by flying nonstop to Honolulu, Hawaii by way of the Arctic Ocean.[138]

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Litigation

A June 2008 profile in The New Yorker detailed several controversies involving Adelson. In 2008 Richard Suen, a Hong Kong businessman who had helped Adelson make connections with top Chinese officials in order to obtain the Macau license, took Adelson to court in Las Vegas alleging he had reneged on his agreement to allow Suen to profit from the venture.

Suen won a $43.8 million judgement; in November 2010, the Nevada Supreme Court overturned the judgment and returned the case to the lower court for further consideration.[114] In the 2013 retrial, the jury awarded Suen a verdict for $70 million.[115][116] The judge added another $31.6 million in interest, bringing the total judgment against Adelson to $101.6 million.[117][118] Adelson is appealing again.[119] Adelson faces another trial over claims by three alleged "middlemen" in the deal who are suing for at least $450 million.[21]

In February 2013, the Las Vegas Sands, in a regulatory filing, acknowledged that it had likely violated federal law that prohibits the bribing of foreign officials. Allegedly, Chinese officials were bribed to allow Adelson to build his Macau casino.[120]

Adelson successfully sued the Daily Mail of London for libel in 2008. The newspaper had accused him of pursuing "despicable business practices" and having "habitually and corruptly bought political favour". Adelson won the libel case, which was described as "a grave slur on Mr Adelson's personal integrity and business reputation", and he won a judgment of approximately £4 million, which he said he would donate to London's Royal Marsden Hospital.[121]

In August 2012, the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (DCCC), after being threatened with a libel suit, apologized and withdrew two blog posts that claimed Adelson had donated "Chinese prostitution money" to Republicans.[122] Another organization, the National Jewish Democratic Council, posted on their website that Adelson "personally approved" of prostitution at his Macau resorts. Adelson sued for libel, but a federal judge dismissed the suit in September 2013, ordering Adelson to pay the NJDC's legal fees.[123]

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Personal life

In the 1970s, Sheldon Adelson lived in Massachusetts with his wife, Sandra, and her three children, Mitchell, Gary and Shelley,[110] whom Sheldon adopted when they were young.[111] They divorced in 1988.[112]

Adelson met Miriam Farbstein Ochshorn, a medical doctor, on a blind date the following year and married in 1991.[111] She was previously married to a Tel Aviv physician, Dr. Ariel Ochshorn, with whom she had two daughters.[110] Miriam "Miri" Farbstein was born in Mandatory Palestine in 1946, to parents that fled Poland before the Holocaust and settled in the city of Haifa.

After earning a Bachelor of Science in Microbiology and Genetics from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and a medical degree from Tel Aviv University's Sackler Medical School, she went on to become the chief internist in an emergency room at Tel Aviv's Rokach (Hadassah) Hospital. In 1993, she founded a substance abuse center and research clinic there, and in 2000, the couple opened the Dr. Miriam and Sheldon G. Adelson Research Clinic in Las Vegas.

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Philanthropy

Adelson donated over $25 million to The Adelson Educational Campus in Las Vegas to build a high school.[102][103] In 2006, Adelson contributed $25 million to the Yad Vashem Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority.[104]

Since 2007, the Adelson Family Foundation has made contributions totalling $140 million to Birthright Israel, which finances Jewish youth trips to Israel.[105] He also donated $5 million to the Friends of the Israel Defense Forces in 2014.[106]

Adelson also has funded the private, Boston-based Dr. Miriam and Sheldon G. Adelson Medical Research Foundation.[107] This foundation initiated the Adelson Program in Neural Repair and Rehabilitation (APNRR) with $7.5 million donated to collaborating researchers at 10 universities.[108]

In a 2016 listing of the top 100 people positively influencing Jewish life, Adelson was described as one of the world's most generous and influential Jewish philanthropists, who 'continues to make outsized gifts to a range of Jewish and non-Jewish groups'.[109]

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In 2005, Adelson and his wife each contributed $250,000 to the second inauguration of George W. Bush.[68][69][70]

Adelson was the principal financial backer of Freedom's Watch, a now-defunct political advocacy group founded to counter the influence of George Soros and Democratic-leaning lobby groups such as MoveOn.org. "Almost all" of the $30 million Freedom's Watch spent on the 2008 elections came from Adelson.[71]

In 2010, Adelson donated $1 million to American Solutions for Winning the Future, a political action committee (PAC) supporting Republican former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich.[72]

In December 2011, during Gingrich's bid for the U.S. presidency, Adelson spoke favorably of controversial remarks Gingrich had made about Palestinians, saying "read the history of those who call themselves Palestinians, and you will hear why Gingrich said recently that the Palestinians are an invented people."[73]

U.S. Senate candidates he donated to:[74]

Carly Fiorina (R-CA), former chief executive officer of Hewlett-Packard
Sharron Angle (R-NV), Assemblywoman
Sue Lowden (R-NV), former State Senator
Scott Brown (R-MA), U.S. Senator and former State Senator
Roy Blunt (R-MO), U.S. Congressman
Mark Kirk (R-IL), U.S. Congressman
Pat Toomey (R-PA), former U.S. Congressman
Charlie Crist (R-FL, later D-FL), Governor

Charlie Crist (R-FL, later D-FL), Governor

Congressional candidates:

Virginia Foxx (R-NC);
Eric Cantor (R-VA);
Joe Heck (R-NV).

During the 2012 Republican Party presidential primaries, Adelson first supported Newt Gingrich and then the eventual nominee Mitt Romney.[75] Altogether he spent $92 million supporting losing candidates during the 2012 United States presidential election cycle.[76]

On January 7, 2012, Adelson bolstered Gingrich's then-faltering campaign with a $5-million donation to the pro-Gingrich super PAC Winning Our Future.[77] By the next day, the super PAC had reserved more than $3.4 million in advertising time in the South Carolina primary, which included production and distribution of a half-hour movie that portrayed Gingrich's political rival Mitt Romney as a "predatory corporate raider".[78]

On January 23, Adelson's wife, Miriam, contributed an additional $5 million to the same organization with instructions to use it to advance a "pro-Newt message".[79][80] Adelson told Forbes that he was willing to donate as much as $100 million to Gingrich.[81]

He also donated $5 million to the right-leaning[82] super PAC Congressional Leadership Fund[83] and over $60,000 to the Republican National Committee.[84]

In June 2012, Adelson donated $10 million to the pro-Romney PAC Restore Our Future.[85] In July, Adelson attended a Romney fundraiser held in Jerusalem.[86] Adelson joined Woody Johnson, John Rakolta, Paul Singer, and several dozen other contributors on the trip.[87] According to Bloomberg Businessweek, as of July Adelson had given Republicans more than $30 million for the 2012 election cycle.[87]

According to a 2014 Washington Post report, Adelson's strategy for the 2016 United States presidential election was to support a mainstream candidate capable of winning the presidency. In March 2014 Adelson was set to hold one-on-one chats with possible candidates Jeb Bush, Chris Christie, Scott Walker, and John Kasich during the spring meeting of the Republican Jewish Coalition held at Adelson's hotel and casino The Venetian Las Vegas.[76]

During the December 2015 Republican debate held at that same venue, Adelson was reported to have held one-on-one meetings with several of the candidates prior to the start of the debate, including front runner Donald Trump.[91] The bidding to become Adelson's favorite, and ultimately receive tens of millions in financial support, was informally called "The Adelson Primary".[92][93] On May 13, he endorsed Trump for president,[94] and pledged as much as $100 million to support his campaign.[95]

In May 2016, explaining his reasons for officially endorsing Donald Trump's presidential bid, Adelson cited the importance of CEO experience in a presidential nominee.[94]

For the 2018 United States elections, Adelson donated approximately $113 million to the Republican Party through various conservative political action committees.[100]

On January 31, ABC News reported that Adelson and his wife Miriam had contributed $500,000 to the Patriot Legal Expense Fund Trust, which was set up in 2018 to assist aides of President Trump under investigation by special counsel Robert Mueller’s probe into Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections. The contributions are the Trust’s largest to date.[101]

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Involvement in politics

Ideology

Adelson says that because of his upbringing in an immigrant family in an underprivileged neighborhood of Boston, "it went without saying that we were Democrats". He attributed his family's loyalty to their belief that the Democratic Party of the 1930s and 1940s shared their commitment to charity, self-reliance, and accountability, as well as support for Jewish causes.[58] In a 2012 Wall Street Journal op-ed titled "I Didn't Leave the Democrats. They Left me", Adelson specifies three reasons why he switched political parties to the Republicans.

First, he cites foreign policy, pointing to a Gallup poll that suggests Republicans are more supportive of Israel than Democrats.[59] Second, he cites statistics that suggest Republicans are more charitable than Democrats. To support this claim Adelson cites a report from the Chronicle of Philanthropy, which claims, after studying tax data from the IRS, that U.S. states that vote Republican are more generous to charities than those states that vote Democratic.[60]

Adelson also states that he doesn't agree with every Republican position and is liberal on several social issues; but believes the Republicans better support liberal democracies like Israel, better exemplify the spirit of charity, and support economic policies that would certainly be better for those Americans now looking for work.

Others have attributed different motives for Adelson's party switch. "Why is it fair that I should be paying a higher percentage of taxes than anyone else?", he reportedly said to an associate according to The New Yorker, which claims Adelson began making major contributions to the Republican National Committee following clashes with labor unions at his Las Vegas properties.[21]

The New Yorker article also quoted Shelley Berkley, a Nevada Democratic Party congresswoman, with whom Adelson has had a long and notable feud, who formerly worked for him in the 1990s as vice-president of legal and governmental affairs, who said Adelson told her that "old Democrats were with the union and he wanted to break the back of the union, consequently he had to break the back of the Democrats".

The Boston Globe claims that Adelson has "waged some bitter anti-union battles in Las Vegas".[21][63] Berkley is further quoted in the New Yorker article as saying that Adelson "seeks to dominate politics and public policy through the raw power of money".[64]

Adelson denies those explanations for his political beliefs and behavior, suggesting such depictions of him are tainted by his critics' own political ideology.[65]

In February 2012, Adelson told Forbes magazine that he is "against very wealthy people attempting to or influencing elections. But as long as it's doable I'm going to do it. Because I know that guys like Soros have been doing it for years, if not decades. And they stay below the radar by creating a network of corporations to funnel their money. I have my own philosophy and I'm not ashamed of it. I gave the money because there is no other legal way to do it.

I don't want to go through ten different corporations to hide my name. I'm proud of what I do and I'm not looking to escape recognition."[66]